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Materials analysis handbook from C.H.I.P.S.

Analytical Techniques in Materials Conservation
by Barbara Stuart

Analytical Techniques in Materials Conservation introduces the reader to the wide variety of analytical techniques that are employed by those working on the conservation of materials.

An introduction to each technique is provided with explanations of how data may be obtained and interpreted. Examples and case studies are included to illustrate how each technique is used in practice.

The fields studied include:

  • inorganic materials
  • polymers
  • biomaterials and metals
,p> For each technique, examples of the application of the method to specific types of heritage materials are provided, with the relevant literature references.

Contents

1. Conservation materials

  • Proteins
  • Lipids
  • Carbohydrates
  • Natural resins
  • Natural materials
  • Synthetic polymers
  • Dyes and pigments
  • Textiles
  • Paintings
  • Written material
  • Glass
  • Ceramics
  • Stone
  • Metals

2. Basic identification techniques

  • Visual examination
  • Chemical tests
  • Density and specific gravity
  • Solubility
  • Heat tests

3. Light examination and microscopy

  • Infrared techniques
  • Ultraviolet techniques
  • Radiography
  • Refractometry
  • Optical microscopy
  • Transmission electron microscopy
  • Scanning electron microscopy
  • Scanning probe microscopy

4. Molecular spectroscopy

  • Infrared spectroscopy
  • Raman spectroscopy
  • Ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy
  • Photoluminescence spectroscopy
  • Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
  • Electron spin resonance spectroscopy
  • Mössbauer spectroscopy

5. Atomic spectroscopy

  • Atomic absorption spectroscopy
  • Atomic emission spectroscopy
  • Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy

6. X-ray techniques

  • X-ray diffraction
  • X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy
  • Electron microprobe analysis
  • Proton induced X-ray emission
  • X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and Auger spectroscopy

7. Mass spectrometry

  • Molecular mass spectrometry
  • Secondary ion mass spectrometry
  • Atomic mass spectrometry

8. Chromatography and electrophoresis

  • Paper chromatography
  • Thin layer chromatography
  • Gas chromatography
  • High performance liquid chromatography
  • Size exclusion chromatography
  • Ion chromatography
  • Capillary electrophoresis

9. Thermal and mechanical analysis

  • Thermogravimetric analysis
  • Differential Scanning Calorimetry/Differential Thermal Analysis
  • Tensile Testing
  • Flexural Testing
  • Thermal Mechanical Analysis
  • Dynamic Mechanical Analysis
  • Hardness

10. Nuclear methods

  • Radioisotopic dating
  • Neutron activation analysis
  • Luminescence
  • Neutron diffraction

Appendix: Infrared spectra of polymers
Index

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Analytical Techniques in Materials Conservation
by Barbara Stuart
2007 • 424 pages • $79.00 + shipping
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