Industrial Biofouling: Detection, Prevention and Control
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Industrial Safety Book from C.H.I.P.S.

Industrial Biofouling
Detection, Prevention
and Control
edited by James Walker Susanne Surman

Biofouling and biofilms are the terms used to describe the attachment of biological material to surfaces. A number of organisms including bacteria, protozoa, amoebae, fungi, barnacles and other organisms have been shown to form biofilms that create nuisances in man-made environments.

Biofilms occur and are a problem in the water service utilities, many industrial processes including the food, pharmaceutical, paint, oil processing and manufacturing, and engineering industries. In addition they may create havoc in medicine and dentistry. Industrial Biofouling covers biofouling/biofilms in domestic, industrial and health related fields in which they are a persistent problem.

Contents:

  1. Biofilms and Biofouling

    • Biofilm Formation
    • Biofilm Structure
    • Advantages of growth within biofilms
    • Problems of biofilms and biofouling in industry
    • Control of biofilm

  2. Biofouling in Drinking Water Systems

    • Problems of Biofouling in Drinking Water Systems
      Regrowth in distribution systems
      Public health issues
      Bacteria
      Viruses and protozoa (Giardia and Cryptosporiduim)
      Management of biofilms in distribution systems
      Monitoring and testing for biofilms in distribution systems

    • Detection of Biofouling in Drinking Water Systems
      Scanning Electron Microscopy Analysis
      The Robbins device
      Preparation of biofilms for analysis
      Biofilm analysis using culture
      Atomic force microscopy analysis
      Biofilm activity measurement
      Microscopy-based detection methods
      Application of detection methods in environmental samples
      Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy
      Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry
      In Situ hybridization
      Other molecular techniques

    • Control of Biofouling in Drinking Water Systems
      Introduction to disinfection
      Effects of Disinfectants on Biofilms
      Chlorine
      Cholramines
      Cholrine dioxide
      Ozone
      Ultraviolet light
      Ionization
      Other biocides used in potable water
      Future methods in the control and removal of biofilms
      Disinfectant resistant organisms
      Overall control of biofilms in general
      Short term control of biofilms in potable water
      Long term control of biofilms in potable water

  3. Biofouling in Industrial Waters and Processes

    • Problems of Biofilms in Industrial Waters and Processes
      Biofouling and biodeterioration
      Biofouling of industrial waters
      Water systems
      Cooling towers
      Biofilms and pipelines
      Filtration systems
      Desalination
      Metal working fluids
      Biofouling of concrete in contact with water
      The resistance of biofilms to biocides
    • Detection of Biofilms in Industrial Waters and Processes
      The need for biofilm detection
      Industrial applications which require biofilm detection
      General approach of biofouling detection
      Field tests applied to a detection system
      Laboratory tests applied to biofouling detection
      Detection and enumeration of microorganisms with processes
      Sampling devices as part of biofouling detection system
      Choice of monitoring devices
      Examination of biofilms on sampling devices
      On-line monitoring
    • Control of Biofouling in Industrial Waters and Processes
      Detection of biofilms
      Sanitation
      Prevention

  4. Biofilms in the Food and Beverage Industry

    • Problems of Biofilms in the Food and Beverage Industry
      Microbiology
      Biofilm development
      Biofilms in the food industry
      Implications of biofilms to the food industry
    • Detection of Biofilms in the Food and Beverage Industry
      Sampling from process surfaces for microbial assessment
      Tools in research and industrial use
      Future prospects for on-line monitoring of microbial deposits
      Summary of main methods in hygiene monitoring
    • Control of Biofilms in the Food and Beverage Industry
      Controlling microbial attachment
      Controlling growth of attached microorganisms
      Removal of biofilm and product residues
      Surface disinfection
      Development of sanitizer resistant microflora
      Monitoring biofilm control

  5. Future Direction of Biofilm Research

    • Methodologies and Their Applications
      Biofilm research-the future direction
      Structure and communication
      When is a cell viable but non-culturable
      Biofilm detection

Index

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Industrial Biofouling
Detection, Prevention and Control
edited by James Walker, Susanne Surman and Jana Jass

256 pages • $269.00 + shipping

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