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Industrial Chemistry Book from C.H.I.P.S.

Principles of Polymer Processing
Second Edition
by Zehev Tadmor

Principles of Polymer Processing provides the complete panorama of polymer processing, starting with fundamental concepts through the latest current industry practices and future directions.

Features:

  • Blend and alloy microstructuring
  • Twin screw-based melting and chaotic mixing mechanisms
  • Reactive processing
  • Devolatilization—theory, mechanisms, and industrial practice
  • Compounding—theory and industrial practice
  • The increasingly important role of computational fluid mechanics
  • A systematic approach to machine configuration design

Contents

History, Structural Formulation of the Field Through Elementary Steps, and Future Perspectives

  • Current Polymer Processing Practice
  • Analysis of Polymer Processing in Terms of Elementary Steps and Shaping Methods
  • Future Perspectives: From Polymer Processing to Macromolecular Engineering

The Balance Equations and Newtonian Fluid Dynamics

  • The Balance Equations
  • Reynolds Transport Theorem
  • The Macroscopic Mass Balance and the Equation of Continuity.
  • The Macroscopic Linear Momentum Balance and the Equation of Motion
  • The Stress Tensor
  • The Rate of Strain Tensor
  • Newtonian Fluids
  • The Macroscopic Energy Balance and the Bernoulli and Thermal Energy Equations
  • Mass Transport in Binary Mixtures and the Diffusion Equation
  • Mathematical Modeling, Common Boundary Conditions, Common Simplifying Assumptions, and the Lubrication Approximation

Polymer Rheology and Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics

  • Rheological Behavior, Rheometry, and Rheological Material Functions of Polymer Melts
  • Experimental Determination of the Viscosity and Normal Stress Difference Coefficients
  • Polymer Melt Constitutive Equations Based on Continuum Mechanics
  • Polymer Melt Constitutive Equations Based on Molecular Theories

The Handling and Transporting of Polymer Particulate Solids

  • Some Unique Properties of Particulate Solids
  • Agglomeration
  • Pressure Distribution in Bins and Hoppers
  • Flow and Flow Instabilities in Hoppers
  • Compaction
  • Flow in Closed Conduits
  • Mechanical Displacement Flow
  • Steady Mechanical Displacement Flow Aided by Drag
  • Steady Drag-induced Flow in Straight Channels
  • The Discrete Element Method

Melting

  • Classification and Discussion of Melting Mechanisms
  • Geometry, Boundary Conditions, and Physical Properties in Melting
  • Conduction Melting without Melt Removal
  • Moving Heat Sources
  • Sintering
  • Conduction Melting with Forced Melt Removal
  • Drag-induced Melt Removal
  • Pressure-induced Melt Removal
  • Deformation Melting

Pressurization and Pumping

  • Classification of Pressurization Methods
  • Synthesis of Pumping Machines from Basic Principles
  • The Single Screw Extruder Pump
  • Knife and Roll Coating, Calenders, and Roll Mills
  • The Normal Stress Pump
  • The Co-rotating Disk Pump
  • Positive Displacement Pumps
  • Twin Screw Extruder Pumps

Mixing

  • Basic Concepts and Mixing Mechanisms
  • Mixing Equipment and Operations of Multicomponent and Multiphase Systems
  • Distribution Functions
  • Characterization of Mixtures
  • Computational Analysis

Devolatilization

  • Devolatilization Equipment
  • Devolatilization Mechanisms
  • Thermodynamic Considerations of Devolatilization
  • Diffusivity of Low Molecular Weight Components in Molten Polymers
  • Boiling Phenomena: Nucleation
  • Boiling–Foaming Mechanisms of Polymeric Melts
  • Ultrasound-enhanced Devolatilization
  • Bubble Growth
  • Bubble Dynamics and Mass Transfer in Shear Flow
  • Scanning Electron Microscopy Studies of Polymer Melt Devolatilization

Single Rotor Machines

  • Modeling of Processing Machines Using Elementary Steps
  • The Single Screw Melt Extrusion Process
  • The Single Screw Plasticating Extrusion Process
  • The Co-rotating Disk Plasticating Processor

Twin Screw and Twin Rotor Processing Equipment

  • Types of Twin Screw and Twin Rotor–based Machines
  • Counterrotating Twin Screw and Twin Rotor Machines
  • Co-rotating, Fully Intermeshing Twin Screw Extruders

Reactive Polymer Processing and Compounding

  • Classes of Polymer Chain Modification Reactions, Carried out in Reactive Polymer Processing Equipment
  • Reactor Classification
  • Mixing Considerations in Multicomponent Miscible Reactive Polymer Processing Systems
  • Reactive Processing of Multicomponent Immiscible and Compatibilized Immiscible Polymer Systems
  • Polymer Compounding

Die Forming

  • Capillary Flow
  • Elastic Effects in Capillary Flows
  • Sheet Forming and Film Casting
  • Tube, Blown Film, and Parison Forming
  • Wire Coating
  • Profile Extrusion

Molding

  • Injection Molding
  • Reactive Injection Molding
  • Compression Molding

Stretch Shaping

  • Fiber Spinning
  • Film Blowing
  • Blow Molding

Calendering

  • The Calendering Process
  • Mathematical Modeling of Calendering
  • Analysis of Calendering Using FEM

Index

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Principles of Polymer Processing
Second Edition
by Zehev Tadmor

2006 • 961 pages • $136.95 + shipping
Texas residents please add 6.75 % sales tax

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