Industrial Chemistry from C.H.I.P.S.

Surfactant Science and Technology
Third Edition
by Drew Myers

Surfactant Science and Technology provides a solid introduction to the study and use of surfactants.


  • Discusses the molecular nature of the interactions of surface active materials
  • Demonstrates a basic understanding of the topic and its potential applications


An Overview of Surfactant Science and Technology

  • A Brief History of Surfactant Science and Technology
  • The Economic Importance of Surfactants
  • Some Traditional and Non-Traditional Applications of Surfactants
  • Detergents and Cleaners
  • Cosmetics and Personal Care Products
  • Textiles and fibers
  • Leather and furs
  • Paints, Lacquers and Other Coating Products
  • Paper and Cellulose Products
  • Mining and Ore Flotation
  • Metal Processing Industries
  • Plant Protection and Pest Control
  • Foods and Food Packaging
  • The Chemical Industry
  • Oilfields Chemicals and Petroleum Production
  • Plastics and Composite Materials
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Medicine and Biochemical Research
  • Other "Hi-Tech" Areas
  • Surfactant Consumption
  • The Economic and Technological Future
  • Surfactants In the Environment
  • Petrochemical vs. "Renewable" Oleochemical-based Surfactants
  • A Surfactant Glossary

The Organic Chemistry of Surfactants

  • Basic Surfactant Building Blocks
  • Basic Surfactant Classifications
  • Making A Choice
  • The Generic Anatomy of Surfactants
  • The Many Faces of Dodecane
  • Surfactant Solubilizing Groups
  • Common Surfactant Hydrophobic Groups
  • The Natural Fatty Acids
  • Saturated Hydrocarbons or Paraffins
  • Olefins
  • Alkyl benzenes
  • Alcohols
  • Alkyl phenols
  • Polyoxypropylenes
  • Fluorocarbons
  • Silicone Surfactants
  • Miscellaneous Biological Structures
  • The Systematic Classification of Surfactants
  • Anionic Surfactants
  • Sulfate Esters
  • Fatty Alcohol Sulfates
  • Sulfated Fatty Acid Condensation Products
  • Sulfated Ethers
  • Sulfated Fats and Oils
  • Sulfonic Acid Salts
  • Aliphatic Sulfonates
  • Alkylaryl Sulfonates
  • a-Sulfocarboxylic Acids and Their Derivatives
  • Miscellaneous Sulfo-Ester and Amide Surfactants
  • Alkyl Glyceryl Ether Sulfonates
  • Lignin sulfonates
  • Carboxylate Soaps and Detergents
  • Phosphoric Acid Esters and Related Surfactants
  • Cationic Surfactants
  • Nonionic Surfactants
  • Polyoxyethylene-Based Surfactants
  • Derivatives of Polyglycerols and Other Polyols
  • Block Copolymer Nonionic Surfactants
  • Miscellaneous Nonionic Surfactants
  • Amphoteric Surfactants
  • Imidazoline Derivatives
  • Surface Active Betaines and Sulfobetaines
  • Phosphatides and Related Amphoteric Surfactants
  • Problems

Fluid Surfaces and Interfaces

  • Molecules At Interfaces
  • Interfaces and Adsorption Phenomena
  • A Thermodynamic Picture of Adsorption
  • Surface and Interfacial Tensions
  • The Effect of Surface Curvature
  • The Surface Tension of Solutions
  • Surfactants and the Reduction of Surface Tension
  • Efficiency, Effectiveness, and Surfactant Structure
  • Problems

Surfactants in Solution: Monolayers and Micelles

  • Surfactant Solubility
  • The Phase Spectrum of Surfactants In Solution
  • The History and Development of Micellar Theory
  • Manifestations of Micelle Formations
  • Thermodynamics of Dilute Surfactant Solutions
  • Classical Theories of Micelle Formation
  • Free Energy of Micellization
  • Molecular Geometry and the Formation of Association Colloids
  • Experimental Observations of Micellar Systems
  • Micellar Aggregation Numbers
  • The Critical Micelle Concentration
  • The Hydrophobic Group
  • The Hydrophilic Group
  • Counter-ion Effects on Micellization
  • The Effects of Additives On the Micellization Process
  • Electrolyte Effects on Micelle Formation
  • The Effect of pH
  • The Effects of Added Organic Materials
  • The Effect of Temperature On Micellization
  • Micelle Formation In Mixed Surfactant Systems
  • Micelle Formation In Nonaqueous Media
  • Aggregation in Polar Organic Solvents
  • Micelles in Nonpolar Solvents
  • Problems

Higher Level Surfactant Aggregate Structures: Liquid Crystals, Continuous Bi-phases, and Microemulsions

  • The Importance of Surfactant Phase Information.
  • Amphiphilic Fluids.
  • Liquid Crystalline, Bicontinuous, and Microemulsion Structures.
  • "Classical" Liquid Crystals.
  • Liquid Crystalline Phases in Simple Binary Systems.
  • Temperature and Additive Effects on Phase Behavior.
  • Some Current Theoretical Analyses of Novel Mesophases.
  • Vesicles and Bilayer Membranes.
  • Vesicles.
  • Polymerized Vesicles.
  • Biological Membranes.
  • Some Biological Implications of Mesophases.
  • Membrane Surfactants and Lipids.
  • Microemulsions.
  • Surfactants, Co-surfactants, and Microemulsion Formation.
  • Ionic Surfactant Systems.
  • Nonionic Surfactant Systems.
  • Applications.
  • Problems

Solubilization and Micellar and Phase Transfer Catalysis

  • Solubilization In Surfactants Micelles
  • The "Geography" of Solubilization in Micelles
  • Surfactant Structure and the Solubilization Process
  • Solubilization and the Nature of the Additive
  • The Effect of Temperature on Solubilization Phenomena
  • The Effects of Non-electrolyte Solutes
  • The Effects of Added Electrolyte
  • Miscellaneous Factors Affecting Solubilization
  • Micellar Catalysis
  • Micellar Catalysis in Aqueous Solution
  • Micellar Catalysis in Nonaqueous Solvents
  • Phase Transfer Catalysi
  • Cross-phase Reactions
  • Some Examples of PTC Applications
  • Alkylnitrile Synthesis
  • Dihalocyclopropanes
  • Some Notes on the Use of PTC
  • Some Requirements for a Successful PTC Reaction
  • Problems

Polymeric Surfactants and Surfactant-Polymer Interactions

  • Polymeric Surfactants and Amphiphiles
  • Some Basic Chemistry of Polymeric Surfactant Synthesis
  • The Modification of Natural Cellulosics, Gums, and Proteins
  • Synthetic Polymeric Surfactants
  • Polymeric Surfactants at Interfaces: Structure & Methodology
  • The Interactions of "Normal" Surfactants with Polymers
  • Surfactant-Polymer Complex Formation
  • Nonionic Polymers
  • Ionic Polymers and Proteins
  • Polymers, Surfactants, and Solubilization
  • Surfactant-Polymer Interactions in Emulsion Polymerization
  • Problems

Foams and Liquid Aerosols

  • The Physical Basis for Foam Formation
  • The Role of Surfactant in Foams
  • Foam Formation and Surfactant Structure
  • Amphiphilic Mesophases and Foam Stability
  • The Effects of Additives on Surfactant Foaming Properties
  • Foam Inhibition
  • Chemical Structures of Antifoaming Agents
  • A Summary of the Foaming and Antifoaming Activity of Additives
  • The Spreading Coefficient
  • Liquid Aerosols
  • The Formation of Liquid Aerosols
  • Spraying and Related Mechanisms of Mist and Fog Formation
  • Nozzle Atomization
  • Rotary Atomization
  • Aerosol Formation by Condensation
  • Colloidal Properties of Aerosols
  • The Dynamics of Aerosol Movement
  • Colloidal Interactions in Aerosols
  • Problems


  • The Liquid/Liquid Interface
  • General Considerations of Emulsion Stability
  • The Lifetimes of Typical Emulsions
  • Theories of Emulsion Stability
  • Emulsion Type and the Nature of the Surfactant
  • Surface Activity and Emulsion Stability
  • Mixed Surfactant Systems and Interfacial Complexes
  • Amphiphile Mesophases and Emulsion Stability
  • Surfactant Structure and Emulsion Stability
  • The Hydrophile-Lipophile Balance (HLB)
  • Phase Inversion Temperature (PIT)
  • Application of HLB and PIT in Emulsion Formulation
  • The Effects of Additives on the "Effective" HLB of Surfactants
  • Multiple Emulsions
  • Nomenclature for Multiple Emulsions
  • Preparation and Stability of Multiple Emulsions
  • Pathways for Primary Emulsion Breakdown
  • The Surfactants and Phase Components
  • Problems

Solid Surfaces and Dispersions

  • The Nature of Solid Surfaces
  • Liquid versus Solid Surfaces
  • Adsorption At the Solid/Liquid Interface
  • Adsorption Isotherms
  • Mechanisms of Surfactant Adsorption
  • Dispersion Forces
  • Polarization and Dipolar Interactions
  • Electrostatic Interactions
  • The Electrical Double Layer
  • The Mechanics of Surfactant Adsorption
  • Adsorption and the Nature of the Adsorbent Surface
  • Nonpolar, Hydrophobic Surfaces
  • Polar, Uncharged Surfaces
  • Surfaces Having Discrete Electrical Charges
  • Surfactant Structure and Adsorption from Solution
  • Surfaces Possessing Strong Charge Sites
  • Adsorption by Uncharged, Polar Surfaces
  • Surfactants at Nonpolar, Hydrophobic Surfaces
  • Surfactant Adsorption and the Character of Solid Surfaces
  • Wetting and Related Phenomena
  • Surfactant Manipulation of the Wetting Process
  • Some Practical Examples of Wetting Control By Surfactants
  • Detergency and Soil Removal
  • The Cleaning Process
  • Soil Types
  • Solid Soil Removal
  • Liquid Soil Removal
  • Soil Re-deposition
  • Correlations of Surfactant Structure and Detergency
  • Nonaqueous Cleaning Solutions
  • Enhanced Oil Recovery
  • Suspensions and Dispersions
  • Problems


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Surfactant Science and Technology
Third Edition
by Drew Myers

2005 • 400 pages • $144.00 + shipping
Texas residents please add 6.75 % sales tax

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