Engineering Book from C.H.I.P.S.

edited by Wim Soetaert

Biofuels gives a broad overview of the key topics in this field of study, approaching them from a technical and economic angle giving the reader a comprehensive insight into biofuels as a whole.

Dealing specifically with liquid and gaseous biofuels that can be produced from renewable resources this text also gives a summary of the past, present and future production technologies and applications of biofuels.


Chapter 1: Biofuels in Perspective

  • Fossil versus renewable energy resources
  • Economic impact
  • Comparison of bio-energy sources

Chapter 2: Sustainable Production of Cellulosic Feedstock for Biorefineries in the U.S.A.

  • Availability of Cellulosic Feedstocks
  • Feedstock Options
  • Sustainable Removal
  • Erosion Control
  • Tilling Practice
  • Transitioning to No-till
  • Realizing Removal
  • Removal Economics
  • Climate Change Mitigation
  • Pretreatment
  • Farmer in Value Chain
  • The Start—Preprocessing Pentose Sugars and Lignin
  • Continuing downstream—Fungible Fermentation Sugars
  • Looking Upstream
  • Logistics

Chapter 3:Bio-ethanol Development in the U.S.A.

  • Federal Policy
  • The U.S. Ethanol Market
  • Corn Ethanol Technology
  • Cellulosic Ethanol
  • The Future

Chapter 4: Bio-ethanol development(s) in Brazil

  • The Brazilian experience with ethanol
  • Policy and regulatory instruments applied to deploy large-scale ethanol production
  • Cost reductions
  • Technological development
  • Is the ethanol production in Brazil sustainable?
  • Is Brazilian experience replicable?

Chapter 5: Process Technologies for Biodiesel Production

  • Biodiesel Production Worldwide
  • Feedstocks for Biodiesel Production
  • Chemical Principles of Biodiesel Production [5]
  • Catalysts for transesterification and esterification reactions
  • Alkaline catalysis
  • Acid catalysis
  • Heterogeneous catalysis
  • Enzymes as Catalysts
  • Transesterification in supercritical alcohols
  • Alternative approaches
  • Overview of Process Technologies
  • Single Feedstock Technologies
  • Multi Feedstock Technologies
  • Small scale production units
  • Alternative process technologies
Chapter 6: Bio-based Fischer-Tropsch Diesel Production Technologies

Chapter 7: Plant Oil Biofuel: Rationale, Production and Application

  • Plant Oil Biofuels – the underlying Idea
  • History of the Plant Oil Fuel Market
  • Positioning of Plant Oils within the Biofuel Markets
  • Perspectives of the Plant Oil Fuel Market
  • The Market
  • Market Drivers
  • System Requirements
  • Plant Oil Conversion Technology
  • One Tank System
  • Two Tank System
  • The User Perspective
  • Engine Suitability for Plant Oil Conversion
  • Choice of Conversion Technology and Approach
  • Operations and Maintenance

Chapter 8: Enzymatic production of biodiesel

  • Enzymatic transesterification by lipase
  • Use of extracellular lipases
  • Transesterification with various types of alcohol
  • Effective methanolysis using extracellular lipase
  • Phenomenon of acyl migration in presence of lipase
  • Use of intracellular lipase as whole-cell biocatalyst
  • Immobilization by BSP-technology
  • Methanolysis in a packed-bed reactor using cells immobilized within BSPs
  • Effect of fatty acid cell membrane composition
  • Lipase localization in cells immobilized within BSPs
  • Use of cell-surface displaying cells as whole-cell biocatalyst
  • Novel cell-surface display system
  • Flocculation profile of yeast cells displaying FSProROL and FLProROL fusion proteins
  • Methanolysis reaction using yeast cells displaying ProROL

Chapter 9: Production of Biodiesel from waste lipids

  • Alternative resources for biodiesel production
  • Conversion of waste frying and cooking oils into biodiesel
  • Processing of crude and waste lipids into biodiesel

Chapter 10: Biomass Digestion to Methane in Agriculture: A Successful Pathway for the Energy Production and Waste Treatment Worldwide

  • Biogas production potential
  • Germany
  • Brazil
  • Biogas production configurations
  • Configurations for wastewater digestion
  • Different process configurations for wet digestion fermenters
  • Different process configurations for dry digestion fermenters
  • Biogas utilization
  • Outlook

Chapter 11: Biological hydrogen production by anaerobic microorganisms

  • Hydrogen formation in natural ecosystems
  • Thermodynamics of hydrogen formation
  • Enzymology
  • Enterobacteria
  • The genus Clostridium
  • The genus Caldicellulosiruptor
  • The genus Thermoanaerobacter
  • The genus Thermotoga
  • The genus Pyrococcus/Thermococcus
  • Approaches for improving hydrogen production

Chapter 12: Improving Sustainability of the Corn-Ethanol Industry

  • Energy Balance
  • Crop Production and Greenhouse Gas Emissions
  • CO2 Adjustment in a Changing Ethanol Industry


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edited by Wim Soetaert
2009 • 256 pages • $129.00 + shipping
Texas residents please add 6.75 % sales tax

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