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The Cervical Spine
Fourth Edition

The Cervical Spine is the most comprehensive, current, and authoritative reference on the cervical spine.

The Cervical Spine provides state-of-the-art coverage of basic and clinical research, diagnostic methods, and medical and surgical treatments, bringing together the latest thinking of the foremost orthopaedic surgeons, neurosurgeons, neurologists, rheumatologists, radiologists, anatomists, and bioengineers.

Chapters cover anatomy, physiology, biomechanics, neurologic and functional evaluation, and radiographic evaluation and address the full range of pediatric problems, fractures, spinal cord injuries, tumors, infections, inflammatory conditions, degenerative disorders, and complications.

More than 1,100 illustrations are included.


  1. Anatomy, Physiology, Biomechanics, and Basic Science of Bone Healing
    1. Anatomy of the Cervical Spine
    2. Developmental Anatomy of the Normal Cervical Spine
    3. Functional Anatomy of Joints, Ligaments, and Discs
    4. Cervical Spine Kinematics and Clinical Instability
    5. Mechanisms of Injury in the Cervical Spine: Basic Concepts, Biomechanical Modeling, Experimental Evidence and Clinical Applications
    6. Biomechanics of Nonacute Cervical Spine Trauma
    7. Cervical Orthoses and Cranioskeletal Traction
    8. Pain Mechanisms
    9. Treatment possibilities in chronic pain patients

  2. Neurological and Functional Evaluation
    1. Evaluation of Patients with Cervical Spine Lesions
    2. Neurological Examination of the Cervical Spine
    3. Anatomical Localization
    4. Neurological Examination: Grading Scales
    5. Diagnosis and Differential Diagnosis of Cervical Radioculopathy
    6. Myelopathy: Diagnosis and Differential Diagnosis
    7. Diagnosis of Cervical Spine Disorders: Neurophysiological Tests
    8. Intraoperative Electrophysiological Monitoring Techniques
    9. Neurophysiological Monitoring During Cervical Spine Surgery
    10. The Wake Up Test
    11. Non Paralytic Anesthesia and Real-time Monitoring
    12. Diagnostic Blocks
    13. Cervical Discography
    14. Outcome Assessment Tools in Cervical Spine Surgery

  3. Radiographic Evaluation
    1. Plain Radiographic Evaluation of Cervical Spine Injury
    2. Computed Tomography and Myelography of the Cervical Spine
    3. Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Cervical Spine and Spinal Cord
    4. Nuclear Medicine Evaluation of the Cervical Spine
    5. Angiography of the Cervical Spine and Spinal Cord
    6. Clearing the Cervical Spine in Trauma Patients

  4. Pediatric Conditions
    1. Cervical Orthoses, Halo Devices and Traction in Children
    2. Evaluation of the Cervical Spine in Children
    3. Congenital Malformations of the Base of the Skull, the Atlas and the Dens
    4. Cervical Spine Instability in the Pediatric Patient: Treatment
    5. Klippel-Feil Syndrome
    6. The Cervical Spine and Skeletal Dysplasias
    7. Miscellaneous Conditions of the Cervical Spine: Neurofibromatosis, Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis and Rickets
    8. Cervical Spine Injuries in Children
    9. Pediatric Spinal Cord Injury
    10. Discitis, Osteomyelities and Intervertebral Disc Calcification in Children
    11. Torticollis in Children

  5. Trauma: Fractures/Dislocations
    1. Soft Tissue Neck Injuries
    2. Cervical Spine Injuries in Athletes
    3. Injuries to the Atlanto-Occipital Articulation
    4. Fractures of the Ring of the Atlas
    5. Dens Fractures
    6. Traumatic Spondylolisthesis of the Axis "Hangman's Fracture"
    7. Classification of Lower C-Spine Injuries
    8. Flexion Injuries
    9. Extension Injuries
    10. Subaxial Cervical Spine Burst Fractures
    11. Cervical Instrumentation for Traumatic Injuries

  6. Spinal Cord Injury
    1. Acute Spinal Cord Injuries: Pathophysiologcal Mechanisms, and Experimental Therapy
    2. Acute Injuries to the Spine and Spinal Cord: Evaluation and Early Treatment
    3. Medical Rehabilitation of Patients After Spinal Cord Injury
    4. Non-traumatic Syringomelia
    5. Post-traumatic Syringomyelia
    6. Spinal Cord/Nerve Regeneration

  7. Tumors and Spinal Infection
    1. Intradural intramedullary and extramedullary tumors
    2. Cervical spine metastases
    3. Benign tumors of the cervical spine
    4. Primary malignant tumors of the cervical spine
    5. Cervical spine infections
    6. Syringomyelia

  8. Inflammatory Conditions
    1. Rheumatoid arthritis in the cervical spine
    2. Rheumatoid arthritis : upper cervical involvement
    3. Subaxial cervical involvement in rheumatoid arthritis
    4. Ankylosing spondylitis

  9. Degenerative Diseases
    1. Cervical degenerative disease : overview and epidemiology
    2. Pain and neurologic dysfunction
    3. Molecular biology : applications to the cervical spine
    4. Cervical spondylotic myelopathy and radiculopathy : natural history and clinical presentation
    5. Nonoperative treatment of radiculopathy and myelopathy
    6. Differential diagnosis of cervical radiculopathy and myelopathy
    7. Discogenic neck pain
    8. Surgical management of cervical radiculopathy : anterior procedures
    9. Treatment of cervical myelopathy
    10. Approach to the cervical spine : anterior versus posterior indications
    11. Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligaments : prevalence, presentation, and natural history
    12. Surgery for ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament
    13. Spinal instrumentation in degenerative disorders of the cervical spine
    14. Management of adjacent segment disease following a prior cervical fusion

  10. Complications
    1. Management of cervical kyphosis caused by surgery, degenerative disease, or trauma
    2. Complications of anterior cervical plating
    3. Postoperative infection
    4. Complications and treatment of occipitocervical internal fixation devices
    5. Complications of cervical spine pedicle screw placement
    6. Complications related to the management of dens fractures
    7. Management of symptomatic cervical pseudarthrosis
    8. Salvage of long strut graft failure following multilevel cervical corpectomy and arthrodesis
    9. Cervical cerebrospinal fluid leakage, durotomy, and pseudomeningocele

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The Cervical Spine
Fourth Edition

2005 • 1250 pages • $273.00 + shipping
Texas residents please add 6.75 % sales tax

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