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Electric Generators Handbook
Synchronous Generators
by Ion Boldea

Electric Generators Handbook: Synchronous Generators offers a thorough introduction to electrical energy and electricity generation, including the basic principles of electric generators.

Electric Generators Handbook: Synchronous Generators supplies the tools necessary to design, validate, and deploy the right power generation technologies to fulfill tomorrow's complex energy needs.


  • Provides a comprehensive survey of all types of synchronous generators in a convenient, unified reference
  • Covers the various topologies, steady state, transients, modeling, performance, control, design, and testing
  • Offers a detailed discussion of the major prime movers for generators, modeling of transients, and their use in active power control of electrical generators
  • Includes self-contained coverage of synchronous generators not available in any other single source


Electric Energy and Electric Generators

  • Major Energy Sources
  • Electric Power Generation Limitations
  • Electric Power Generation
  • From Electric Generators to Electric Loads

Principles of Electric Generators

  • The Three Types of Electric Generators
  • Synchronous Generators
  • Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generators
  • The Homopolar Synchronous Generator
  • Induction Generator
  • The Wound Rotor (Doubly-Fed) Induction Generator (WRIG)
  • Parametric Generators
  • Electric Generator Applications

Prime Movers

  • Steam Turbines
  • Steam Turbine Modeling
  • Speed Governors for Steam Turbines
  • Gas Turbines
  • Diesel Engines
  • Stirling Engines
  • Hydraulic Turbines
  • Wind Turbines

Large and Medium Power Synchronous Generators: Topoligies and Steady State

  • Construction Elements
  • Excitation Magnetic Field
  • The Two-Reaction Principle of Synchronous Generators
  • The Armature Reaction Field and Synchronous Reactances
  • Equations for Steady State with Balanced Load
  • The Phasor Diagram
  • Inclusion of Core Losses in the Steady-State Model
  • Autonomous Operation of Synchronous Generators
  • Synchronous Generator Operation at Power Grid (in Parallel)
  • Unbalanced-Load Steady-State Operation
  • Measuring Xd, Xq, Z-, Z0
  • The Phase-to-Phase Short-Circuit
  • The Synchronous Condenser

Synchronous Generators: Modeling for (and) Transients

  • The Phase-Variable Model
  • The d-q Model
  • The Per unit (P.U.) d-q Model
  • The Steady State via the d-q Model
  • The General Equivalent Circuits
  • Magnetic Saturation Inclusion in the d-q Model
  • The Operational Parameters
  • Electromagnetic Transients
  • The Sudden Three-Phase Short-Circuit from No Load
  • Standstill Time Domain Response Provoked Transients
  • Standstill Frequency Response
  • Asynchronous Running
  • Simplified Models for Power System Studies
  • Mechanical Transients
  • Small Disturbance Electromechanical Transients
  • Large Disturbance Transients Modeling
  • Finite Element SG Modeling
  • SG Transient Modeling for Control Design

Control of Synchronous Generators in Power Systems

  • Speed Governing Basics
  • Time Response of Speed Governors
  • Automatic Generation Control (AGC)
  • Time Response of Speed (Frequency) and Power Angle
  • Voltage and Reactive Power Control Basics
  • The Automatic Voltage Regulation (AVR) Concept
  • Exciters
  • Exciter's Modeling
  • Basic AVRs
  • Underexcitation Voltage
  • Power System Stabilizers (PSSs)
  • Coordinated AVR-PSS and Speed Governor Control
  • FACTS-Added Control of SG
  • Subsynchronous Oscillations
  • Subsynchronous Resonance

Design of Synchronous Generators

  • Specifying Synchronous Generators for Power Systems
  • Output Power Coefficient and Basic Stator Geometry
  • Number of Stator Slots
  • Design of Stator Winding
  • Design of Stator Core
  • Salient-Pole Rotor Design
  • Damper Cage Design
  • Design of Cylindrical Rotors
  • The Open-Circuit Saturation Curve
  • The On-Load Excitation mmf F1n
  • Inductances and Resistances
  • Excitation Winding Inductances
  • Damper Winding Parameters
  • Solid Rotor Parameters
  • SG Transient Parameters and Time Constants
  • Electromagnetic Field Time Harmonics
  • Slot Ripple Time Harmonics
  • Losses and Efficiency
  • Exciter Design Issues
  • Optimization Design Issues
  • enerator/Motor Issues

Testing of Synchronous Generators

  • Acceptance Testing
  • Testing for Performance (Saturation Curves, Segregated Losses, Efficiency)
  • Excitation Current under Load and Voltage Regulation
  • The Need for Determining Electrical Parameters
  • Per Unit Values
  • Tests for Parameters under Steady State
  • Tests to Estimate the Subtransient and Transient Parameters
  • Subtransient Reactances from Standstill Single-Frequency AC Tests
  • Standstill Frequency Response Tests (SSFRs)
  • Online Identification of SG Parameters


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Electric Generators Handbook
Synchronous Generators
by Ion Boldea
2005 • 448 pages • $118.95 + shipping
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Variable Speed Generators
by Ion Boldea

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Electric Generators Handbook 2-Volume Boxed Set
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Texas residents please add 6.75 % sales tax

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