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Environmental Chemistry Reference from C.H.I.P.S.

Environmental Biotechnology
Concepts and Applications
edited by Hans-Joachim Jordening and Josef Winter

Environmental Biotechnology provides a deeper insight into the complex processes involved in this field, covering the biological, chemical and engineering fundamentals needed to further develop effective methodologies.

Environmental Biotechnology devotes a detailed chapter to each of the four main areas of environmental biotechnology -- wastewater treatment, soil treatment, solid waste treatment, and waste gas treatment -- dealing with both the microbiological and process engineering aspects.

Contents

Bacterial Metabolism in Wastewater Treatment Systems

  • Decomposition of Organic Carbon Compounds in Natural and Manmade Ecosystems
  • Nitrogen Removal During Wastewater Treatment
  • Enhanced Biological Phosphate Removal
  • Biological Removal, Biotransformation, and Biosorption of Metal Ions from Contaminated Wastewater
  • Aerobic and Anaerobic Degradation of Xenobiotics
  • Bioaugmentation in Wastewater Treatment Plants for Degradation of Xenobiotics

Industrial Wastewater Sources and Treatment Strategies

  • Introduction and Targets
  • Wastewater Flow Fractions from Industrial Plants
  • Kinds and Impacts of Wastewater Components
  • General Processes in Industrial Wastewater Treatment Concepts
  • Wastewater Composition and Treatment Strategies in the Food Processing Industry

Activated Sludge Process

  • Process description and historical development
  • Technological and microbiological aspects
  • Plant Configurations
  • Design procedure

Modeling of Aerobic Wastewater Treatment Processes

  • Purpose of Modeling
  • Elements of Activated Sludge Models
  • Presentation of Models
  • The Activated Sludge Models Nos. 1, 2 and 3 (ASM1, ASM2, ASM3)
  • Wastewater Characterization
  • Model Calibration
  • Computer Programs
  • Use of Models

High-rate Anaerobic Wastewater Treatment

  • Basic Principles
  • Reactor Design Parameters
  • Reactor Operation

Modeling of Biogas Reactors

  • Measuring Techniques
  • Kinetics
  • Hydrodynamic and Liquid Mixing Behavior of the Biogas Tower Reactor.
  • Mass Transport from the Liquid Phase to the Gas Phase
  • Influence of Hydrostatic Pressure on Biogas Production

Aerobic Degradation of Recalcitrant Organic Compounds by Microorganisms

  • Characteristics of Aerobic Microorganisms Capable of Degrading Organic Pollutants
  • Principles of Bacterial Degradation.
  • Degradative Capacities of Fungi

Principles of Anaerobic Degradation of Organic Compounds

  • General Aspects of Anaerobic Degradation Processes
  • Key Reactions in Anaerobic Degradation of Certain Organic Compounds
  • Concluding Remarks

Soil Remediation and Disposal

  • Thermal Processes
  • Chemical/Physical Processes
  • Biological Processes
  • Disposal
  • Utilization of Decontaminated Soil

Bioremediation by the Heap Technique

  • Principles of the Heap Technique
  • Different Heap Techniques
  • Efficiency and Economy

Bioreactors

  • Bioreactors
  • Slurry Bioreactors
  • Solid-State Bioreactors
  • Comparison of Bioreactors
  • Conclusions and Outlook

In-situ Remediation

  • Investigations
  • Remediation Technologies
  • Monitoring

Composting of Organic Waste

  • Waste Materials for Composting
  • Fundamentals of Composting Process
  • Composting Technologies
  • Composting Systems
  • Compost Quality

Anaerobic Fermentation of Wet and Semidry Garbage Waste Fractions

  • Basic Aspects of Biological Waste Treatment
  • Processes of Anaerobic Waste Treatment

Landfill Systems, Sanitary Landfilling of Solid Wastes, and Long-term Problems with Leachate

  • Biochemical Processes in Sanitary Landfills
  • Sanitary Landfilling and Leachate Control Strategies
  • Long-term Problems with Leachate
  • Controlled Reduction of Leachate Emissions

Sanitary Landfills: Long-term Stability and Environmental Implications

  • Integrated Waste Management
  • Land Disposal
  • Leachate and Gas Management

Process Engineering of Biological Waste Gas Purification

  • Biological Waste Gas Purification Technology
  • Performance Parameters
  • Characteristics of the Waste Gas Stream
  • Process Principles
  • Reactor Performance
  • Reactor Control

Commercial Applications of Biological Waste Gas Purification

  • Background.
  • Applications

Perspectives of Wastewater, Waste, Off-gas and Soil Treatment

  • Wastewater Handling
  • Solid Waste Handling
  • Off-gas Purification
  • Soil Remediation
  • Drinking Water Preparation
  • Future Strategies to Reduce Pollution and Conserve a Natural, Healthy Environment

Subject Index

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Environmental Biotechnology
Concepts and Applications
edited by Hans-Joachim Jordening and Josef Winter

2005 463 pages $209.00 + shipping
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