Nutrition book from C.H.I.P.S.

Energy and Protein Metabolism and Nutrition
EAAP Publication No. 124
edited by I. Ortigues-Marty

Energy and Protein Metabolism and Nutrition presents the latest results on energy and protein metabolism and nutrition.

Energy and Protein Metabolism and Nutrition is oriented towards livestock science but also addresses general aspects of protein and energy metabolism as applied to animals or biomedical sciences.

The book is based around the following five key topics:

  1. Nutrition and mitochondrial functions
  2. Regulation of body composition and/or product quality by tissue metabolism
  3. 'Omics' in metabolism and nutrition studies
  4. Coordination between tissues for the metabolic utilisation of nutrients
  5. From the parts to the whole or how to use detailed information to answer applied questions


Nutrition and mitochondrial functions

  • On-going and prospective research on nutrition and mitochondrial functions
  • Insulin modulates the decrease of oxidative phosphorylation induced by ingested butyrate. NMR study on the isolated and perfused rat liver
  • Effects of a diet enriched in trans fatty acids (trans MUFA) on muscle mitochondrial functions and development of insulin resistance in rodents
  • Up-regulation or activation of avian UCP attenuates mitochondrial ROS production and oxidative damage in broiler chickens exposed to acute heat stress
  • Relationships between hepatic mitochondrial function and residual feed intake in growing beef calves
  • Interaction between adipose tissue and skeletal muscle in the control of muscle mitochondrial functions
  • Influence of protein-free diet on morphology of rat hepatocytes’ mitochondrium
  • Expression of uncoupling proteins and mitochondrial activity are dependent on muscular fibre type in rabbits and chickens
  • Regulation of mitochondrial and tissue oxidations by thyroid hormones in chicken muscle
  • Variation in animal energy expenditure and mitochondrial function and protein expression
  • Cardiac muscle UCP-3 expression in relation to nutrient intake and beef cattle metabolism
  • Inter-muscular variability of metabolic properties of bovine muscle fibres

Regulation of body composition and/or product quality by tissue metabolism

Body composition and/or product quality

  • Regulation of marbling and body composition - growth and development, gene markers and nutritional biochemistry 75
  • Protein and selected mineral deposition in the body of pigs during compensatory growth 89
  • Meal feeding regulates S6K1 phosphorylation but not that of 4E-BP1 in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) muscle 91
  • Dietary methionine supply affects the amino acid composition of body proteins 93
  • Does a time interval for methionine supplementation favour weight gain and body composition? A model study with growing rats 95
  • Effects of dietary protein level and feed intake on amino-acid gain and composition in growing and fattening Iberian pigs 97
  • Study, in model system, of the effect of oxidation on myofibrillar protein digestibility 99
  • Effects of maternal nutrition on birth weight and postnatal nutrient metabolism 101
  • Glucose metabolism and its relation to milk production in F2 offspring of Charolais × Holstein crosses 103
  • Expression of beta-adrenergic receptors during lactation in Holstein dairy cattle 105
  • Investigations on the storage of .-3 and .-6 fatty acids in the dry period and their transfer into milk fat in early lactation 107
  • Live weight, body size, fatness and carcass characteristics of young bulls of fifteen European breeds 109
  • Energy and protein metabolism and nutrition 11 Metabolic and contractile characteristics of Longissimus thoracis muscle of young bulls from 15 European breeds in relationship with body composition 111
  • Deposition of protein, fat and energy in lambs of the breed German Merino Landsheep 113
  • Impact of vitamin D3 and vitamin E by feeding on meat quality parameters of beef and pork 115
  • Influence of various Iodine supply on growing-finishing performance and on Iodine status of pigs

2A. Regulation of lipid deposition and intramuscular lipids

  • Intramyocellular lipid accumulation and insulin resistance development 121
  • Regional specifities in transcriptomic profiles of adipocytes isolated from skeletal muscle or adipose tissues in growing pigs 123
  • Effect of a reduced protein diet on expression of lipogenic enzymes in relation to intramuscular fat formation in the pig 125
  • Changes in liver metabolic pathways induced by dietary energy and selection for muscle fat content in rainbow trout 127
  • Reduced intake of dietary amino acid promotes accumulation of intramuscular fat in the Longissimus dorsi muscle of finishing pigs 129
  • Triacylglycerol synthesis and secretion in Atlantic salmon hepatocytes: effect of dietary lipids 131
  • Effect of fish and plant oils on lipid composition and fatty acid ß-oxidation in adipose tissue of Atlantic salmon 133
  • Performance, blood lipids and fatty acid composition of tissues of rabbits fed diets supplemented with conjugated linoleic acid 135
  • Synthesis and desaturation of cis9, trans11 CLA in adipose tissue of Charolais steers and cull cows 137
  • Inclusion of rapeseed oil in the diet to improve the performance of silage-fed fattening cattle

Regulation of milk production and composition

  • The regulation of amino acid utilisation by insulin in the lactating ewe mammary gland 143
  • Does a dietary arginine deficiency limit milk protein yield? 145
  • Feeding measures to improve nitrogen efficiency in dairy cattle 147
  • Constraints in estimating N-excretion from the milk urea content in dairy cows 149
  • Estimation of the intra-mammary metabolic fate of glucose and acetate in response to longer milking intervals in dairy cows 151
  • Dietary and mammary components of milk fat depression: insights from a meta-analysis of literature data 153
  • Effect of rumen-protected conjugated linoleic acid in combination with propylene glycol or rumen protected fat on performance and metabolic parameters of early lactation dairy cows 155
  • Effect of dietary conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) on milk composition of dairy cows 157
  • Effect of flaxseed and rapeseed supplementation during the last trimester of pregnancy and lactation in sows on fatty acid composition in their milk 159
  • Variations in mammary extraction of nutrients under the effect of a 36-h milk accumulation into the udder in dairy cows 161
  • Response to diet quality of two cattle genotypes at 200 and 3600 m altitude in milk yield and composition and nitrogen and energy utilization 163
  • Milk production as a function of energy and protein source supplementation follows the saturation kinetics typical of enzyme systems 165
  • Energy and protein metabolism and nutrition

Regulation of muscle protein deposition and loss

  • Development of low grade inflammation during aging impaired postprandial muscle protein synthesis in rat skeletal muscle 169
  • Effect of immune system stimulation and dietary methionine plus cysteine intake on protein deposition and digestibility in growing pigs 171
  • The ubiquitin and caspase systems are sequentially regulated in the rat gastrocnemius muscle during casting immobilisation and recovery 173
  • Dardevet and L. Combaret Relation between protein degradation and oxidative stress during aging in rat muscle 175
  • Changes in the expression of selected proteins elucidate skeletal muscle type-specific resistance to glucocorticoid-induced muscle cachexia 177
  • Amino acid signalling: methionine regulates the S6K1 pathway and protein synthesis in avian QM7 myoblasts 179
  • AMPK regulates the S6K1 pathway and protein synthesis in avian QM7 myoblasts 181
  • Decreased nutritional responsiveness of S6K1 in the breast muscle of genetically fat chickens 183
  • Leucine suppresses myofibrillar proteolysis by down-regulating ubiquitin-proteasome pathway in chick skeletal muscles 185
  • Skeletal muscle response to an endotoxin injection followed by malnutrition is similar in low-grade inflamed and non-inflamed old rats 187
  • Estrogenic and isoflavonic actions on differentiation and protein metabolism in porcine muscle satellite cell cultures 189
  • Protein deposition in the body, content of nucleic acids in the mld muscle of pigs as affected by limitation of protein during growing period

Perinatal metabolic programming

  • Temporary consumption of a soy-based diet induces persisting alterations in protein metabolism and oxidative stress responsiveness in juvenile pigs 195
  • Influence of metabolic imprinting during early growth period on muscle development and intramuscular adipogenesis in Japanese Black steers 197
  • Growth and differentiation of the chicken Pectoralis major muscle: effect of genotype and early nutrition 199
  • Effect of in utero metabolic programming on postnatal growth of mink kits 201
  • Glucose tolerance in pregnant sows and liver glycogen in neonatal piglets is influenced by diet composition in gestation 203
  • Heat production in chicken embryos 205
  • Nutritional programming due to maternal high protein diet reduces offspring birth weight and body weight and is genotype dependent in mice

Novel techniques for novel results in energy expenditure and body composition

  • Comparing techniques to estimate energy expenditure on physical activity in individually housed dairy cows
  • Quantitative partitioning of energy expenditure in pregnant ewes
  • A calorimetry system for metabolism trials
  • Inter-laboratory test for gas concentration measurements of the R3C network calorimetric chambers
  • Determining cattle production efficiency without measuring the intake
  • Energy and protein metabolism and nutrition Use of the heart rate method and GPS for direct field estimation of the energy cost of cow grazing activity: effects of season and plot size
  • Heart rate measurements as an index of energy expenditure and energy balance in ruminants: a review
  • Adaptation of night median heart rate in calorimetric chambers versus in free living conditions: a critical evaluation
  • Effect of cold exposure on natural abundance of 13C and heat production in Spanish goats by the CO2 entry rate technique
  • Characterisation of lipid distribution in rainbow trout by magnetic resonance, colour vision and histology imaging techniques

Novel techniques for novel results in organ balance, in vitro tissue metabolism and nutrient ‘tracing’ studies

  • Metabolic fate of carbohydrates from milk replacer in heavy milk-fed calves
  • Measurement of fatty acid oxidation in swine using 13C labeled fatty acids
  • Mathematical analysis of human [13CO2]-breath test results: post prandial fate of amino acids is related to their dietary form
  • Effect of graded dietary tryptophan levels on [1-13C]leucine oxidation and nitrogen deposition in growing pigs
  • Endogenous nitrogen flows in the digestive tract of lactating dairy cows: comparison between estimations using total 15N versus 15N-amino acid isotope dilution
  • A multi-isotope approach to studying arginine metabolism in neonatal piglets
  • Mutations in metabolic pathways, what role does genetic background play?
  • Gut function of pigs in relation to weaning
  • Combination of two approaches to study the mammary use of glucose for lactose synthesis in dairy cows: net mammary balance and RNA levels
  • Molecular markers for a delicate balance between protein and lipid metabolism in subcutaneous fat tissue of beef cow

‘Omics’ in metabolism and nutrition studies

  • Lexic of the ‘Omics’
  • Nutrigenomics: techniques and applications
  • Hepatic gene expression of gluconeogenic and glycolytic enzymes as indicators of the activity of carbohydrate metabolism in mink
  • Dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids reduce expression of colonic inflammatory genes in interleukin-10 knockout mice
  • Skatole increases expression of detoxification genes in the ovine liver
  • Gene expression in adipose tissue of dairy cattle changes in early lactation or with supplemental chromium, integrating expression into metabolic models
  • Transcriptomic profile in mammary gland is modified by nutrition in lactating goats
  • Effect of fasting on the thalamus/hypothalamus in cows - a proteomics analysis
  • Comparative transcriptomic and proteomic analyses of pig longissimus muscles differing in intramuscular fat content
  • Bovine PRKAG3 gene expression and association with glycogen content
  • Intestinal and ruminal epithelial and hepatic metabolism regulatory gene expression as affected by forage to concentrate ratio in bulls
  • Genomic tools to analyse bovine muscle and adipose tissues transcriptomes
  • Effect of inoculation with intestinal bacteria on intestinal gene expression in the interleukin-10 knockout mouse
  • Modification of gene expression involved in muscle growth and energy metabolism according to growth capacity in young Charolais bulls
  • The myogenic influence of triiodothyronine nuclear and mitochondrial pathways explored by transcriptome analysis
  • Functional genomics of rat skeletal muscle during aging
  • Intestinal mucosa proteome analysis in goat kids fed milk or soy protein based diets
  • Influence of catechin on urinary metabolic profiles and antioxidant status in hyperlipidic diets-fed rats by using a LC-Qtof-based metabonomic approach
  • Impact of the ingestion of polyphenols and fruits rich in polyphenols on atherosclerosis studied on apoE deficient mice by a transcriptomic approach
  • AGENAE – GENANIMAL: the French research program in animal genomics
  • FUGATO - Functional genome analysis in animal organisms
  • Nutrigenomics New Zealand – tailoring New Zealand foods to match people’s genes; a case study

Coordination between tissues for the metabolic utilisation of nutrients

Splanchnic metabolism and interorgan exchanges of nutrients

...and more

Regulations by nutrients, hormones and nervous system

...and more

Health and metabolism

...and more

Nitrogen digestion and recycling

...and more

From the parts to the whole of how to use detailed information to answer applied questions

Protein-energy interactions

...and more

Whole organism energy metabolism

...and more

Whole organism protein metabolism

...and more

Multicriteria evolution of nutritional recommendations

...and more

Modelling and meta-analysis

...and more

Feed evaluation and methanogenesis

...and more


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Energy and Protein Metabolism and Nutrition
EAAP Publication No. 124
edited by I. Ortigues-Marty

2007 • 647 pages • $147.00 + shipping
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