Industrial Science Book from C.H.I.P.S.

Forensic Analysis on the Cutting Edge
New Methods for Trace Evidence Analysis
Edited by Robert D. Blackledge

Forensic Analysis on the Cutting Edge brings forensic scientists and chemists up-to-date on the latest instrumental methods for analysing trace evidence, including mass spectrometry, image analysis, DIOS-MS, ELISA characterization, statistical validation, and others.

Forensic Analysis on the Cutting Edge features:

  • Illustrates comparative analysis of trace evidence by both old and new methods.
  • Explains why some newer methods are superior to older, established methods.
  • Includes chapters on analysis of DNA, ink, dyes, glitter, gun powder traces, condom trace evidence, footwear impressions, toolmark impressions, surveillance videos, glass particles, and dirt.
  • Discusses applications such as mass spectrometry, image analysis, desorption-ionization on silicon mass spectrometry (DIOS-MS), ELISA characterization, and statistical validation.


1. All that Glitters Is Gold!

  • What Is Glitter
  • The Ideal Contact Trace
  • Characterization Methods
  • Glitter as Evidence in Criminal Cases

2. Forensic Analysis of Automotive Airbag Contact—Not Just a Bag of Hot Air

  • History of Airbags
  • How Do Airbags Work
  • Types of Forensic Evidence to Look for
  • Airbag Case Reports and Examples
  • Changes that Are Occurring
  • Final Discussion

3. Ink Analysis Using UV Laser Desorption Mass Spectrometry

  • The Instrumentation
  • The Analyte Target Molecules
  • LDMS for the Analysis of Dyes in Pen Inks
  • Related Applications LDMS Analyses that "Don't Work"

4. Condom Trace Evidence in Sexual Assaults: Recovery and Characterization

  • Examination for Condom Residue Traces
  • Forensic Evaluation of the Substances and Examinations

5. Latent Invisible Trace Evidence: Chemical Detection Strategies

  • Latent Bloodstain Detection
  • Fingerprint Detection with Near-Infrared Dyes
  • Pepper Spray Detection

6. Applications of Cathodoluminescence in Forensic Science

  • Theory
  • Instrumentation
  • Techniques and Forensic Considerations
  • Luminescent Minerals
  • Forensic Applications
  • Geological Samples: Soil and Sand
  • Anthropogenic Materials

7. Forensic Application of DARTTM

  • Drug and Pharmaceutical Analysis
  • Samples from the Human Body
  • Condom Lubricants
  • Dyes
  • Explosives
  • Arson Accelerants
  • Chemical Warfare Agents
  • Elevated-Temperature DART for Material Identifi cation
  • Glues
  • Plastics
  • Fibers
  • Identifi cation of Inks

8. Forensic Analysis of Dyes in Fibers Via Mass Spectrometry

  • Conventional Fiber Color Comparison Methods Employed in Forensic Laboratories
  • Shortcomings Associated with UV–Vis Based Comparative Analysis for Trace-Fiber Color Evaluations
  • General Overview of Modern Dye Ionization Techniques for Mass Analysis
  • Trace-Fiber Color Discrimination by Direct ESI-MS Analysis
  • Examples of Negative Ion ESI-MS Analysis of Colored Nylon Windings
  • Examples of Tandem Mass Spectrometry (MS/MS) Applications to Elucidate Structure
  • LC-MS Analysis of Dyes Extracted from Trace Fibers
  • Proposed Protocols to Compare Trace-Fiber Extracts

9. Characterization of Surface-Modifi ed Fibers

  • Fibers as Associative Evidence
  • Surface-Modifi ed Fibers
  • Preliminary Examinations
  • Distinguishing Tests

10. Characterization of Smokeless Powders

  • Purpose of Analysis
  • Brief History of Smokeless Powder
  • Characterization Toward Smokeless Powder Identification
  • Characterization Toward Brand Identification
  • Micrometry
  • Mass
  • FTIR Spectroscopy
  • Chromatography with Mass Spectrometry

11. Glass Cuts

  • A Homicide
  • A Robbery
  • A Hit and Run
  • Cutting Versus Tearing
  • Slash Cuts Made by Glass

12. Forensic Examination of Pressure Sensitive Tape

  • Product Variability
  • Tape Construction
  • Duct Tape
  • Electrical Tape
  • Polypropylene Packaging Tape
  • Strapping/Filament Tapes
  • Masking Tape
  • Initial Handling
  • Methods

13. Discrimination of Forensic Analytical Chemical Data Using Multivariate Statistics

  • Patterns in Data
  • Experimental Design and Preprocessing
  • Dimensionality Reduction by Principal Component Analysis for Visualizing Multivariate Data
  • Visualizing Group Differences by Linear Discriminant Analysis
  • Group Separation, Classifi cation Accuracy, and Outlier Detection
  • Selected Applications

14. The Color Determination of Optically Variable Flake Pigments

  • OVP: Form, Characteristics, and Function
  • Color Measurement
  • Color Blending
  • Additive Color Theory
  • Methods of Formulating OVP
  • Blending of Pigments
  • Microspectrophotometry
  • Measurement Geometry
  • Switching Objective Magnifi cations
  • Determining Sample Size
  • Measurement Uncertainty
  • Sample Preparation and Measurement
  • Spectral Profiling
  • Statistical Methods of Evaluation
  • Challenges for the Future
  • Other forensic Methods

15. Forensic Science Applications of Stable Isotope Ratio Analysis

  • What Are Stable Isotopes
  • What Are the Units for Expressing the Abundance of Stable Isotopes
  • What Is the Basis for Variations in Stable Isotope Abundances
  • What Instrumentation Is Needed for High-Precision Stable Isotope Measurements
  • How Can Stable Isotope Analyses Assist Forensics Cases
  • Stable Isotope Abundances in Forensic Evidence


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Forensic Analysis on the Cutting Edge
New Methods for Trace Evidence Analysis
Edited by Robert D. Blackledge

2007 • 446 pages • $104.95 + shipping
Texas residents please add 6.75 % sales tax

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