Thermodynamics Handbook from C.H.I.P.S.

Fundamentals of Turbulent and Multiphase Combustion
by Kenneth Kuan-yun Kuo

Fundamentals of Turbulent and Multiphase Combustion presents up-to-date coverage of the fundamentals of turbulence, combustion, and multiphase phenomena along with useful experimental techniques, including non-intrusive, laser-based measurement techniques, providing a firm background in both contemporary and classical approaches.

Beginning with two full chapters on laminar premixed and non-premixed flames, this book takes a multiphase approach, beginning with more common topics and moving on to higher-level applications.

Additional features of Fundamentals of Turbulent and Multiphase Combustion:

  • Addresses seven basic topical areas in combustion and multiphase flows, including laminar premixed and non-premixed flames, theory of turbulence, turbulent premixed and non-premixed flames, and multiphase flows
  • Covers spray atomization and combustion, solid-propellant combustion, homogeneous propellants, nitramines, reacting boundary-layer flows, single energetic particle combustion, and granular bed combustion
  • Provides experimental setups and results whenever appropriate


1 Introduction and Conservation Equations

  • Why Is Turbulent and Multiphase Combustion Important?
  • Different Applications for Turbulent and Multiphase Combustion
  • Objectives of Combustion Modeling
  • Combustion-Related Constituent Disciplines
  • General Approach for Solving Combustion Problems
  • Governing Equations for Combustion Models
  • Definitions of Concentrations
  • Definitions of Energy and Enthalpy Forms
  • Velocities of Chemical Species
  • Dimensionless Numbers
  • Derivation of Species Mass Conservation Equation and Continuity Equation for Multicomponent Mixtures
  • Momentum Conservation Equation for Mixture
  • Energy Conservation Equation for Multicomponent Mixture
  • Total Unknowns versus Governing Equations

2 Laminar Premixed Flames

  • Basic Structure of One-Dimensional Premixed Laminar Flames
  • Conservation Equations for One-Dimensional Premixed Laminar Flames
  • Analytical Relationships for Premixed Laminar Flames with a Global Reaction
  • Effect of Flame Stretch on Laminar Flame Speed
  • Modeling of Soot Formation in Laminar Premixed Flames

3 Laminar Non-Premixed Flames

  • Basic Structure of Non-Premixed Laminar Flames
  • Flame Sheet Model
  • Mixture Fraction Definition and Examples
  • Flamelet Structure of a Diffusion Flame
  • Time and Length Scales in Diffusion Flames
  • Examples of Laminar Diffusion Flames
  • Soot Formation in Laminar Diffusion Flames

4 Background in Turbulent Flows

  • Characteristics of Turbulent Flows
  • Statistical Understanding of Turbulence
  • Conventional Averaging Methods
  • Turbulence Models
  • Probability Density Function
  • Turbulent Scales
  • Large Eddy Simulation
  • Direct Numerical Simulation

5 Turbulent Premixed Flames

  • Physical Interpretation
  • Some Early Studies in Correlation Development
  • Characteristic Scale of Wrinkles in Turbulent Premixed Flames
  • Development of Borghi Diagram for Premixed Turbulent Flames
  • Measurements in Premixed Turbulent Flames
  • Eddy-Break-up Model
  • Intermittency
  • Flame-Turbulence Interaction
  • Bray-Moss-Libby Model
  • Turbulent Combustion Modeling Approaches
  • Geometrical Description of Turbulent Premixed Flames and G-Equation
  • Scales in Turbulent Combustion
  • Closure of Chemical Reaction Source Term
  • Probability Density Function Approach to Turbulent Combustion

6 Non-premixed Turbulent Flames

  • Major Issues in Non-premixed Turbulent Flames
  • Turbulent Damk¨ohler number
  • Turbulent Reynolds Number
  • Scales in Non-premixed Turbulent Flames
  • Turbulent Non-premixed Combustion Regime Diagram
  • Turbulent Non-premixed Target Flames
  • Turbulence-Chemistry Interaction
  • Probability Density Approach for Turbulent Non-premixed Combustion
  • Flamelet Models
  • Interactions of Flame and Vortices
  • Generation and Dissipation of Vorticity Effects
  • Non-premixed Flame–Vortex Interaction Combustion Diagram
  • Flame Instability in Non-premixed Turbulent Flames
  • Partially Premixed Flames or Edge Flames

7 Background in Multiphase flows with Reactions

  • Classification of Multiphase Flow Systems
  • Practical Problems Involving Multiphase Systems
  • Homogeneous versus Multi-component/Multiphase Mixtures
  • CFD and Multiphase Simulation
  • Averaging Methods
  • Local Instant Formulation
  • Eulerian-Eulerian Modeling
  • Eulerian-Lagrangian Modeling
  • Interfacial Transport (Jump Conditions)
  • Interface-Tracking/Capturing
  • Discrete Particle Methods

8 Spray Atomization and Combustion

  • Introduction to Spray Combustion
  • Spray-Combustion Systems
  • Fuel Atomization
  • Spray Statistics
  • Spray Combustion Characteristics
  • Classification of Models Developed for Spray Combustion Processes
  • Locally Homogeneous Flow Models
  • Two-Phase-Flow (Dispersed-Flow) Models
  • Group-Combustion Models of Chiu
  • Droplet Collison
  • Optical Techniques for Particle Size Measurements
  • Effect of Droplet Spacing on Spray Combustion


  1. Useful Vector and Tensor Operations
  2. Constants and Conversion Factors Often Used in Combustion
  3. Naming of Hydrocarbons
  4. Detailed Gas-Phase Reaction Mechanism for Aromatics Formation
  5. Particle Size–U.S. Sieve Size and Tyler Screen Mesh Equivalents


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    Fundamentals of Turbulent and
    Multiphase Combustion

    by Kenneth Kuan-yun Kuo
    2012 • 912 pages • $149.00 + shipping
    Texas residents please add 6.75 % sales tax

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