Electronic Nose Technology Handbook
from C.H.I.P.S.

Handbook of Machine Olfaction
Electronic Nose Technology
edited by T.C. Pearce et al

The scope of this book Handbook of Machine Olfaction covers biological and technical fundamentals and up-to-date research.

Contributions by renowned international scientists as well as application-oriented news from successful "e-nose" manufacturers give a well-rounded account of the topic, and this coverage from R&D to applications makes this book a must-have read for e-nose researchers, designers and users alike.


  1. Introduction to Olfaction: Perception, Anatomy, Physiology and Molecular Biology

    • Introduction to Olfaction
    • Odor Classification Schemes Based on Adjective Descriptors
    • Odor Classification Based on Chemical Properties
    • Physiology and Anatomy of Olfaction
    • Molecular Biology of Olfaction
    • Taste

  2. Chemical Sensing in Hamans and Machines

    • Human Chemosensory Perception of Airborne Chemicals
    • Nasal Chemosensory Detection
    • Olfactory and Nasal Chemesthetic Detection of Mixtures of Chemicals
    • Physicochemical Determinants of Odor and Nasal Pungency
    • Human Chemical Sensing: Olfactometry
    • Instruments for Chemical Sensing: Gas Chromatography-Olfactometry

  3. Odor Handling and Delivery Systems

    • Physics of Evaporation
    • Sample Flow System
    • Static System
    • Preconcentrator
    • Measurement of Sensor Directly Exposed to Ambient Vapor

  4. Introduction to Chemosensors

    • Survey and Classification of Chemosensors
    • Chemoresistors
    • Chemocapcitors
    • Potentiometric Odor Sensors
    • Gravimetric Odor Sensors
    • Optical Odor Sensors
    • Thermal (Calorimetric) Sensors
    • Amperometric Sensors
    • Summary of Chemical Sensors

  5. Signal Conditioning and Preprocessing

    • Interface Circuits
    • Signal Conditioning
    • Signal Preprocessing
    • Noise in Sensors and Circuits

  6. Pattern Analysis for Electronic Noses

    • Statistical Pattern Analysis Techniques
    • 'Intelligent' Pattern Analysis Techniques

  7. Commercial Electronic Nose Instruments

    • Commercial Availability
    • Some Market Considerations

  8. Optical Electronic Noses

    • Optical Vapor Sensing
    • The Tufts Artificial Nose

  9. Hand-Held and Palm-Top Microsensor Systems for Gas Analysis

    • Conventional Hand-Held Systems
    • Silicon-Based Microsensors

  10. Integrated Electronic Noses and Microsystems for Chemical Analysis

    • Microcomponents for Fluid Handling
    • Integrated E-Nose Systems
    • Microsystems for Chemical Analysis

  11. Electronic Tongues and Combinations of Artificial Senses

    • Electronic Tongues
    • The Combination or Fusion of Artificial Senses

  12. Dynamic pattern Regognition Methods and System Identification

    • Dynamic Models and System Identification
    • Identifying a Model
    • Dynamic Models and Intelligent Sensor Systems

  13. Drift Com-ensation, Standards, and Calibration Methods

    • Physical Reasons for Drift and Sensor Poisoning
    • Examples of Sensor Drift
    • Comparison of Drift and Noise
    • Model Building Strategies
    • Calibration Transfer
    • Drift Compensation

  14. Chemical Sensor Array Optimization: Geometric and Information Theoretic Approaches

    • The Need for Array Performance Definition and Optimization
    • Historical Perspective
    • Geometric Interpretation
    • Noise Considerations
    • Non-linear Transformations
    • Array Performance as a Statistical Estimation Problem
    • Fisher Information Matrix and the Best Unbiased Estimator
    • Performance Optimization

  15. Correlating Electronic Nose and Sensory Panel Data

    • Sensory Panel Methods
    • Applications of Electronic Noses for Correlating Sensory Data
    • Algorithms for Correlating Sensor Array Data with Sensory Panels
    • Correlations of Electronic Nose Data with Sensory Panel Data

  16. Machine Olfaction for Mobile Robots

    • Olfactory-Guided Behavior of Animals
    • Sensors and Signal Processing in Mobile Robots
    • Trail Following Robots
    • Plume Tracking Robots
    • Other Technologies in Developing Plume Tracking Systems

  17. Environmental Monitoring

    • Special Considerations for Environmental Monitoring
    • Case Study 1: Livestock Odor Classification
    • Case Study 2: Swine Odor Detection Thresholds
    • Case Study 3: Biofilter Evaluation
    • Case Study 4: Mold Detection

  18. Medical Diagnostics and health Monitoring

    • Special Considerations in Medical/Healthcare Applications
    • Monitoring Metabolic Defects in Humans Using a Conducting Polymer Sensor Array to Measure Odor
    • The Use of Electronic Nose for the Detection of Bacterial Vaginosis

  19. Recognition of Natural Products

    • Recent Literature Review
    • Sampling Techniques
    • Case-Study: The Rapid Detection of Natural Products as a Means of Identifying Plant Species
    • Case Study: Differentiation of Essential Oil-Bearing Plants

  20. Process Monitoring

    • Previous Work
    • Special Considerations
    • Selected Process Monitoring Examples

  21. Food and Bevarage Quality Assurance

    • Literature Survey
    • Methodological Issues in Food Measurement with Electronic Nose
    • Selected Case

  22. Automotive and Aerospace Applications

    • Automotive Applications
    • Aerospace Applications
    • Polymer Composite Films
    • Electronic Nose Operation in Spacecraft
    • Method Development

  23. Detection of Explosives

    • Previous Work
    • State-of-the-Art of Various Explosive Vapor Sensors
    • Case Study

  24. Cosmetics and Fragrances

    • The Case for an Electronic Nose in Perfumery
    • Current Challenges and Limitations of Electronic Noses
    • Literature Review of Electronic Noses in Perfumery and Cosmetics
    • Special Considerations for using Electronic Noses to Classify and Judge Quality of Perfumes, PRMs, and Products
    • Case Study 1: Use in Classification of PRMs with Different Odor Character but of Similar Composition
    • Case Study 2: Use in Judging the Odor Quality of a Sunscreen Product


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Handbook of Machine Olfaction
Electronic Nose Technology
edited by T.C. Pearce et al

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