Combustion Engineering Handbook
from C.H.I.P.S.

Principles of Combustion
Second Edition
by Kenneth K. Kuo

Principles of Combustion, Second Edition is a completely new edition of the leading book on combustion engineering.

Features of Principles of Combustion Second Edition:

  • new theoretical results and measurement techniques of non-intrusive diagnostic methods
  • contains more material on chemical kinetics during ignition
  • is expanded to provide more in-depth treatment of sensitivity analysis and methods for identifying controlling chemical mechanisms
  • xpanded coverage is combined with the latest results regarding turbulent activity during combustion and the chemical kinetics of flames



  • Importance of Combustion for Various Applications
  • Related Constituent Disciplines for Combustion Studies
  • General Method of Approach to Solving Combustion Problems
  • General Objectives of Combustion Modeling
  • Classification of Combustion Problems
  • General Structure of a Theoretical Model
  • Several Basic Definitions

Review of Chemical Thermodynamics

  • Nomenclatures
  • Brief Statement of Thermodynamic Laws
  • Equation of State
  • Conservation of Mass
  • The First Law of Thermodynamics; Conservation of Energy
  • The Second Law of Thermodynamics
  • Criteria for Equilibrium
  • Conservation of Atomic Species
  • Various Methods for Reactant-Fraction Specification
  • Standard Enthalpies of Formation
  • Thermochemical Laws
  • Relationship Between Bond Energies and Heats of Formation
  • Heats of Reaction for Constant-Pressure and Constant-Volume Combustion
  • Energy Balance Considerations for Flame Temperature Calculations
  • Equilibrium Constants
  • Real-Gas Equations of State and Fugacity Calculation
  • More Complicated Dissociation in the Combustion of Hydrocarbons
  • The Clausius-Clapeyron Equation for Phase Equilibrium
  • Calculation of Equilibrium Compositions with NASA's CEA Computer Program
  • Other Well-Established Chemical Equilibrium Codes

Chemical Kinetics and Reaction Mechanisms

  • Additional Symbols
  • Rates of Reactions and Their Functional Dependence
  • One-Step Chemical Reactions of Various Orders
  • Consecutive Reactions
  • Competitive Reactions
  • Opposing Reactions
  • Chain Reactions
  • Chain-Branching Explosions
  • CHEMKIN Analysis and Code Application for Gas-Phase Kinetics
  • Surface Reactions
  • Rate Laws for Isothermal Reactions Utilizing Dimensionless Parameters
  • Procedure and Applications of Sensitivity Analysis
  • Reaction Flow Analysis
  • Reaction Mechanisms of H2/O2 Systems
  • Gas-Phase Reaction Mechanisms of Aliphatic Hydrocarbon and Oxygen System
  • Reduction of Highly Complex Chemical Kinetic Mechanism to Simpler Reaction Mechanism
  • Formation Mechanism of Nitrogen Oxides
  • Formation and Control of CO and Particulates

Conservation Equations for Multicomponent Reacting Systems

  • Additional Symbols
  • Definitions of Concentrations, Velocities, and Mass Fluxes
  • Fick's Law of Diffusion
  • Theory of Ordinary Diffusion in Gases at Low Density
  • Continuity Equation and Species Mass Conservation Equations
  • Conservation of Momentum
  • Conservation of Energy
  • Physical Derivation of the Multicomponent Diffusion Equation
  • Other Necessary Equations in Multicomponent Systems
  • Solution of a Multicomponent-Species System
  • Shvab-Zel'dovich Formulation
  • Dimensionless Ratios of Transport Coefficients
  • Boundary Conditions at an Interface

Detonation and Deflagration Waves of Premixed Gases

  • Additional Symbols
  • Qualitative Differences between Detonation and Deflagration
  • The Hugoniot Curve
  • Properties of the Hugoniot Curve
  • Determination of Chapman-Jouguet Detonation-Wave Velocity
  • Detonation-Wave Structure
  • The Mechanism of Deflagration-to-Detonation Transition (DDT) in Gaseous Mixtures
  • Detonability and Chemical Kinetics: Limits of Detonability
  • Non-Ideal Detonations
  • Consideration of Spontaneous Detonation Initiation

Premixed Laminar Flames

  • Additional Symbols
  • Introduction and Flame Speed Measurement Methods
  • Classical Laminar Flame Theories
  • Contemporary Method for Solving Laminar Flame Problems
  • Dynamic Analysis of Stretched Laminar Premix Flames
  • Effect of Chemical and Physical Variables on Flame Speed
  • Principle of Stabilization of Combustion Waves in Laminar Streams
  • Flame Quenching
  • Flammability Limits of Premixed Laminar Flames

Gaseous Diffusion Flames and Combustion of a Single Liquid Fuel Droplet

  • Burke and Schumann's Theory of Laminar Diffusion Flames
  • Phenomenological Analysis of Fuel Jets
  • Laminar Diffusion Flame Jets
  • Evaporation and Burning of a Single Droplet in a Quiescent Atmosphere
  • Fuel Droplet in a Convective Stream
  • Supercritical Burning of Liquid Droplets in a Stagnant Environment


  • Evaluation of Thermal and Transport Properties of Gases and Liquids
  • Constants and Conversion Factors Often Used in Combustion
  • Naming of Hydrocarbons
  • Melting, Boiling, and Critical Temperatures of Elements
  • Periodic Table and Electronic Configurations of Neutral Atoms in Ground States


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Principles of Combustion
Second Edition
by Kenneth K. Kuo

2005 732 pages $139.00 + shipping
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