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Supercritical Carbon Dioxide
in Polymer Reaction Engineering
edited by Maartje F. Kemmere

Supercritical Carbon Dioxide emphasizes the potential of supercritical carbon dioxide for polymer processes from an engineering point of view.


  • Develops a state-of-the-art overview on polymer fundamentals, polymerization reactions and polymer processing in supercritical carbon dioxide
  • Covers topics in a multidisciplinary approach starting from polymer chemistry and thermodynamics, going through monitoring, polymerization processes and ending with polymer shaping and post-processing


Supercritical Carbon Dioxide for Sustainable Polymer Processes

  • Introduction
  • Strategic Organic Solvent Replacement
  • Physical and Chemical Properties of Supercritical CO2
  • Interactions of Carbon Dioxide with Polymers and Monomers
  • Concluding Remarks and Outlook

Phase Behavior of Polymer Systems in High-Pressure Carbon Dioxide

  • Introduction
  • General Phase Behavior in Polymer/Solvent Systems
  • Polymer Solubility in CO2
  • Thermodynamic Modeling
  • Conclusions

Transport Properties of Supercritical Carbon Dioxide

  • Introduction
  • Hydrodynamics and Mixing
  • Heat Transfer
  • Conclusions

Kinetics of Free-Radical Polymerization in Homogeneous Phase of Supercritical Carbon Dioxide

  • Introduction
  • Experimental
  • Initiation
  • Propagation
  • Termination
  • Chain Transfer
  • Conclusions

Monitoring Reactions in Supercritical Media

  • Introduction
  • On-line Analytical Methods Used in SCF
  • Calorimetric Methods
  • MMA Polymerization as an Example
  • Conclusions

Heterogeneous Polymerization in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide

  • Introduction
  • Literature Review
  • Modeling of the Process
  • Case Study I: MMA Dispersion Polymerization
  • Case Study II: VDF Precipitation Polymerization
  • Concluding Remarks and Outlook

Inverse Emulsion Polymerization in Carbon Dioxide

  • Introduction
  • Inverse Emulsion Polymerization in CO2: Design Constraints
  • Surfactant Design for Inverse Emulsion Polymerization
  • Inverse Emulsion Polymerization in CO2: Results
  • Future Challenges

Catalytic Polymerization of Olefins in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide

  • Introduction
  • Phase Behavior of Polyolefin-Monomer-CO2 Systems
  • Catalyst System
  • Polymerization of Olefins in Supercritical CO2 Using Brookhart Catalyst
  • Concluding Remarks and Outlook

Production of Fluoropolymers in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide

  • Introduction
  • Fluoroolefin Polymerization in CO2
  • Fluoroalkyl Acrylate Polymerizations in CO2
  • Amphiphilic Poly(alkylacrylates)
  • Photooxidation of Fluoroolefins in Liquid CO2
  • CO2/Aqueous Hybrid Systems
  • Conclusions

Polymer Processing with Supercritical Fluids

  • Introduction
  • Phase Behavior of CO2/Polymer Systems and the Effect of CO2 on Polymers
  • Rheology of Polymers Under High-Pressure CO2
  • Polymer Blends and CO2
  • Supercritical Impregnation of Polymeric Materials
  • Conclusions and Outlook

Synthesis of Advanced Materials Using Supercritical Fluids

  • Introduction
  • Polymer Synthesis
  • Porous Materials
  • Nanoscale Materials and Nanocomposites
  • Lithography and Microelectronics
  • Conclusion and Future Outlook

Polymer Extrusion with Supercritical Carbon Dioxide

  • Introduction
  • Practical Background on Extrusion
  • Supercritical CO2-Assisted Extrusion
  • Mixing and Homogenization
  • Applications
  • Concluding Remarks

Chemical Modification of Polymers in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide

  • Introduction
  • Brief Review of the State of the Art
  • End-group Modification of Polyamide 6 in Supercritical CO2
  • Carboxylic Acid End-group Modification of Poly(Butylene Terephthalate) with 1,2-Epoxybutane in Supercritical CO2
  • Concluding Remarks and Outlook

Reduction of Residual Monomer in Latex Products Using High-Pressure Carbon Dioxide

  • Introduction
  • Overview of Techniques for Reduction of Residual Monomer
  • Enhanced Polymerization in High-Pressure Carbon Dioxide
  • Extraction Capacity of Carbon Dioxide
  • Process Design for the Removal of MMA from a PMMA Latex Using CO2
  • Conclusion and Future Outlook


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Supercritical Carbon Dioxide
in Polymer Reaction Engineering
edited by Maartje F. Kemmere

2005 358 pages $199.00 + shipping
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